Many Indian youngsters move to some developed nation, and promise to themselves, or to their kith and kin that they would return after some fixed period of time. This time period keeps extending, eventually it can be considered as relocation. Excluding the kith and kin, I believe there is very less reason for the rest of the India to worry about this.
Here in this blog, I have tried expressing my perspective on some of the most prominent reasons these people (not necessarily only Non-Resident Indians, NRIs) cite for relocating out of India.
In the forth mentioned arguments, I have excluded the brilliant minds that have to relocate to some developed nation as they have better and challenging opportunities. I have also excluded people who choose to live in the developed nations without citing phony reasons like they do not have a choice etc.
“I grew more confident here, people respect my ability, knowledge etc.”
I think this is completely misleading. These people are aware of lack of prospects for them in India, and they know they could not fetch a similar competitive job in India. We have most of the top notch Multi-National Company (MNCs), better lifestyle, night life, eat-outs, and even the big franchise fast food chain.
To summarize, an under-performing candidate in a pool of talented people would be a much better performing candidate in a pool of untalented people who are of his or lower ability. This is not brain-drain, I would think this phenomenon is good for India, as this pool of people who needs to be filtered out of competition are volunteering to shun the competition. Moreover by not living in India they reduce their contribution of woes, vehicles, or any sort of burden. In fact they help the Indian economy by transferring significant wealth from the developed nation to India thus assisting India in adding forex to our exchequer.
“Life in developed nations is better and comfortable.”
Needless to say we in India lack better administration and of course it has little interest in its citizens’ necessities and comforts. On the other hand, developed nations have a better administration that cares about its citizens. But this is not new to us, we have grown up in this kind of atmosphere all our life till we moved to any other foreign nation. Moreover even though we choose the new place as home, most of the immigrants are granted permanent residency not citizenship. Even though it is a hard to accept, people should realize the fact that every country has its citizens as top priority over immigrants. And of all, none of the developed nations are really immune from security issues
“Amount of money that can be earned or saved is better.”
Isn’t stupid to provide this argument? Probably, we might not earn same amount of money as the value of dollars converted in Rupee equals to. When in develop nation, we don’t spend in rupee rather we spend in dollars or some higher valued currency. When I compare cost of living at some place to another place, I would deal in what fraction of total earnings would go towards necessary expenses in the place they reside. In other words, a better metric to compare cost of living is Savings to Earnings ratio. I guess, if we compare on this metric, then there is an opportunity to find jobs with much better monetary rewards in India provided one is competitive to earn it.
“Better research opportunities/ tougher challenges.”
Almost 70% of the Indians who have relocated (not necessarily NRIs) have contributed very little to the advancement in their job, or research they pursue. Of course everyone seems to be proud of their research, but most of them have never accomplished anything ground breaking. I could venture to say most of them actually are not as competent but try to live in the illusion that they are better.
From this blog, I am trying to suggest that India does not have to worry about brain-drain, rather should be glad that the incompetent people have shunned from participation in India.
As mentioned earlier, I would like to reiterate that the above mentioned perspective excludes the real brilliant minds that have to look out for better opportunities and encouragement in other nations. A mere patriotic propaganda urging these brilliant minds would not suffice, instead India has to provide a platform for these brilliant minds to blossom (research funding, encourage start-ups) and thus retain them. It should not be denied that India has been house for hooligans who intimidate the weak and civilized people who tend to shun away from violence, arguments. Thanks to omnipresent corruption, the hope seems illusion. The Bollywood movie, “Shor in the city”, provides an interesting perspective of an overseas Indian who returns to India to establish a business and faces trouble from the local hooligans, corruption, politicians involvement etc.
All in all, India should not be bothered about brain-drain in the context of all the other ordinary Indians’ who have refrained from returning to India. These people might not be having enough confidence to lead similar life in much competitive Indian market. Hence they resort to citing some phony reasons to sanction the guilt and incompetence.
India should focus its efforts to provide a congenial environment and curb non-social elements to encourage investments from Indians and foreigners abroad.